Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Examine the factors relating to energy generation for urban, commercial and global use, what infrastructures this is found in (i.e. transportation, consumer electricity, etc) and how we will meet the challenges of future energy production. Answer: Affordable and reliable electricity is important in modern life. It is essential to our daily lives and supports our economy in various aspects. We use electricity to power devices, in homes, in medicine, in engineering, and in agriculture. The modern electric world began with appliances like the telegraph, light bulb, as well as telephone and continued with radio, television, and many appliances (Jakovac 2012, p. 316). This paper focuses on following the evolution of electricity, its transmission, usage, and the difference in consumption between the rural and urban residents. Although electricity has been known since the ancient times, it has only been harnessed its power for about 250 years. Benjamin Franklins electricity experiments-including the kite experimenting 1752- showed how little electricity was known in the era of the American Revolution and the first industrial revolution (Matthew 2004, p. 2). Since Franklin`s experiments, the grasp of electricity has grown tremendously and new ways of its usage to improve our lives (Institute for energy research 2014). One of the first primary breakthroughs in electricity occurred in 1832 when a British scientist Michael Faraday discovered the basic principles of electricity generation. Building on the experiments of Franklin and others, he found that he could create or induce an electric current by moving magnets inside coils of copper wire. This discovery of electromagnetic induction revolutionized the use of energy. Ideally, Faraday`s process is used in modern power production. The Institute of energy research (2014) suggests that in the modern era of power plants, coal has always generated more electricity in the U.S. than any other fuel sources. In the recent years, we have seen other sources of electricity- hydroelectricity, nuclear power and natural gas competing for the second place. The energy is also used primarily in driving the transport and communication industry. For instance, the transport industry depends on energy in driving trains, airplanes, and automobile machines among other transportation machines. Communication as well depends on sensor a system that as well depends on energy. The 19th-century inventors who began to harness electricity to useful purpose put their small generators right next to the machines that used the electricity as pointed out by Tolis (2015). The earliest distribution system was by Thomas Edison`s 1882 Pearl street station in Manhattan, and another that Edison built in Menlo Park, New Jersey. Like many others that were constructed during the next few years, they distributed power over copper lines using direct current. However, the method of distribution was so ineffective forcing most power plants had to be located within a mile of the place using the power known as the load (Matthew et al. p. 4). All the early power systems were what most people now refer to as distributed generation systems where the generators were located close to machines that used electricity. By the 1890s other inventors further developed this system of power distribution. Mastropietro, Batlle, Barroso, and Rodilla (2016) denote that the most important developm ent was high- voltage power transmission lines that adopted the use of alternating current. In addition, alternating current allowed power lines, to transmit power over much longer distances than the direct current system. At the beginning of the 21stcentury, the transmission system is a truly interconnected network with more than 150,000 miles of high voltage transmission lines. Matthew et al. (2004) also points out that with the increasingly technology-dependent society, people depend upon the network itself as much as on the power plants that use and feed the network. It hence called for the development of a sophisticated network system that involves interconnected power plants and power lines that operated at many different voltages as shown in figure 1. Table 1: Miles of High-Voltage Transmission Lines in the United States. Miles of Transmission Line Voltage AC 76,762 230 kV 49,250 345 kV 26,038 500 kV 2,453 765 kV 154,503 Total AC DC 930 250-300 kV 852 400 kV 192 450 kV 1,333 500 kV 3,307 Total DC 157,810 TOTAL AC/DC Fugure1: Illustrates todays transmission system Electricity has a significant role in industrial development it an essential factor in human well-being and development (Pourazarm 2012, p 14). According to Chopra (2015), electricity is used in various fields. For instance, engineering and technical activities use electricity as well as the communication and transport. In the field of medicine and surgery, electricity is used in treatment of diseases undergoing surgical operations likewise the theatres require electricity to operate. The entertainment industry as well as the house building and construction also currently depend on electricity. Paurazarm (2012) adds that electricity is used in the Residential sector- which includes all private buildings for heating water, air conditioning, and cooking, lighting and household electric appliances. The industrial sector such as manufacturing, mining, construction, transport and some parts of the agricultural industry like in water pumping and fisheries also depend on electricity. The st eel, copper, iron, petrochemicals, cements sugar and textile industries use the most energy in this sector. In the agricultural sector, the electricity is used mainly for pumping water for agriculture and fisheries; a Public sector which includes all government organizations and institutions, educational, religious and research centers, hospitals, and charity organizations. Tentatively lots of studies and research have been conducted on the difference in the electricity consumption in rural versus urban areas. A survey done by Craig Petersen 1980, in Utah indicates that rural dwellers use more electricity than urban dweller. Craig suggests that the difference could be that urban housing stock may be more efficient; the difference in the billing of electricity; rural locations may be colder than urban locations and those rural residents had a different demographic as it relates to electricity usage (Petersen 1982, p. 1). Michael Barnard (2013), states that the rural dwellers use more electricity (and more of every other form of energy) than urban dwellers where the ratio for electricity consumption alone is in the range of 12-34% greater for rural areas than urban areas. For instance, Table 2 contains the data obtained from a questionnaire sent to 2155 customers of Utah Power and light in spring of 1980 relating to the energy conservation efforts, the nature of their dwelling and personal characteristics-age, education and income. Table 2: Mean Values of the independent Variables in rural and Urban Areas Element Rural Urban Variables Number Mean Number Mean Degree Days of location 573 6663 676 6211 Electric Space heatinga 573 0.222 678 0.131 Electric water heatinga 573 0.635 676 0.286 Electric Clothes Dryer a 573 0.743 676 0.72 Dishwashera 573 0.424 678 0.529 Freezera 573 0.805 678 0.655 Number in house 568 3.34 669 3.5 Family income 548 16.163 654 19354 Age of Respondent 567 50.7 674 43.6 Inches of ceiling installation 496 6.7 554 6.9 From the research Petersen (1982, p. 6) concludes because there is a higher proportion of electric space and water heating in rural areas, the use of tariffs that provide preferential rates for customers using electricity for these purposes is especially beneficial to rural customers. Conversely, utility tariffs that do not differentiate by end user will impose relatively greater burdens on rural residents. Conclusion The evolution of electricity has changed the lives of and the nature of business in all industries. As a result, almost every human activity is heavily dependent on electricity. From manufacturing, to supply chain, to customer delivery of products and services to customers, electricity controls a bigger percentage of the economic efficiency of the world. However, care needs to be taken to ensure that energy is sustained and used effectively to prevent issues related to global warming, energy depletion, and other climate related to energy issues. List of References Barnard, M. (2013, January 9). Quora. Retrieved from https://www.quora.com/Power-usage-of-a-city-vs-rural-areas Chopra, A. (2015, April 22). Short Essay on Uses of Electricity. Retrieved August 23, 2017, from importantindia.com. Doren, C. V. (n.d.). instituteforenergyresearch.org/history-electricity/. Retrieved 8 29, 2014, from https://www.ushistory.org/franklin/info/kite.htm Jakovac, P 2012, 'Electricity Directives and Evolution of the Eu Internal Electricity Market',Medianali, 11, pp. 315-338, Communication Mass Media Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 August 2017. Mastropietro, P, Batlle, C, Barroso, L, Rodilla, P 2016, 'The evolution of electricity auctions in South America',Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning Policy, 11, 12, pp. 1103-1110, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 August 2017. Matthew, H, Brown, N, Ednin, D, Ulman, K, 2004, 'Electricity Directives and Evolution of the Eu Internal Electricity Market',National Conference of State Legislatures, Medianali, 11, pp. 315-338 Richard P. Sedano, The Regulatory Assistance Projec. (2004). Electricity Transmission. National Council on Electricity Policy , 2,6,. Pourazarm, E 2012, Doctor of philosophy thesis, school of economics, University of Wollongong. Retrieved from Elecricity demand analysis in different sectors: a case study of Iran: https:/?ro.uow.edu.au/thesis/3786 Tolis, A 2015, 'The effect of long-term expansion on the evolution of electricity price: numerical analysis of a theoretically optimised electricity market',European Journal Of Operational Research, 244, 3, pp. 939-954, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 25 August 2017.
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Natural Selection for the Birds Lab Report Essay Essay Purpose:To find which birds with which beaks survive best in their environment depending on the type of nutrient available. Question:What is the consequence of the type of nutrient available on the frequence of different types of bird beaks? Hypothesis:If the nutrient type alterations in the environment. so the sum of each type of bird beaks will alter because birds with beaks more suitable to the available nutrient will be more successful over clip. We will write a custom essay sample on Natural Selection for the Birds Lab Report Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Natural Selection for the Birds Lab Report Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Natural Selection for the Birds Lab Report Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Variables:The independent variable of the lab is the type of nutrient that is available to the birds. The dependent variable of the lab is the frequence of each type-size and shape-of beaks. Materials:100 helianthus seeds100 raisins100 grains of rice2 forks2 spoons2 knivesFictile cup Procedure:1. Gather around the border of the tabular array fabric. blending the three groups reasonably equally. 2. Pick up nutrient pieces merely with your tool. utilizing the brace of utensils in one manus. imitating the action of a beak. 3. Pick up one piece of nutrient at a clip. and put it in your cup ( Ã¢â¬Å"stomachÃ¢â¬ ) before picking another piece of nutrient. 4. Keep your organic structure off the tabular array fabric and pick up nutrient merely within your range. 5. Start merely when the instructor says Ã¢â¬Å"GoÃ¢â¬ and complete when all nutrient has been Ã¢â¬Å"eaten. Ã¢â¬ DataÃ¢â¬âEnvironment with Equal Sums of Insects. Seeds. and Fruit Second GenerationFlock TenFlock YFlock ZInsects Eaten 353233Seeds Eaten344620Fruit Eaten78157Entire1479360Percentage49 %31 %20 %Fake Number of Birdsin Flock for 3rd Coevals1596 DataÃ¢â¬âChanged Environment with Equal Sums of Insects and Seeds but No Fruit. First GenerationFlock TenFlock YFlock ZInsects Eaten306060Seeds Eaten279330Entire5715390Percentage19 %51 %30 %Fake Number of Birdsin Flock for 2nd Coevals6159 Second GenerationFlock TenFlock YFlock ZInsects Eaten1510044Seeds Eaten178044Entire3218088Percentage11 %60 %29 %Fake Number of Birdsin Flock for 3rd Coevals3189 Analysis:Based on the information in the first table flock X consumes largely fruit. When fruit was taken off there was a lessening in the figure of birds that flock X contained. Flock Y consumes largely seeds. There was no consequence on flock Yttrium when fruit was removed. Due to the fact that flock Z eats largely insects. the flock was non affected by the remotion of fruit. Decision: In this lab I learned about how favourable traits are of import when nature selects what being will last and go through down its cistrons for the following coevals to inherit. I besides learned that most species learn to accommodate to their environments so that they can hold a favourable trait to be able to last in their environment. I was able to detect that in the wilderness you need that favourable trait so that you are able to reproduce and go through down your genotypes for the following coevals of you species to inherit. I gained utile accomplishments such as how to find the following generationÃ¢â¬â¢s population by analysing consequences from experiments I conducted associating to the bird populations
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
IN THE DISPUTE AT THE PATENT OFFICE Essay Example IN THE DISPUTE AT THE PATENT OFFICE Essay IN THE DISPUTE AT THE PATENT OFFICE Essay IN THE DISPUTE AT THE PATENT COURT REGARDING MR. BURNSÃ¢â¬â¢ TRADE MARK APPLICATION Opinion I am asked to rede Mr Burns in respects to a difference originating from two hallmark applications, which have been challenged by a figure of parties. The applier has submitted two applications for trade grade enrollment, one affecting a word onlyÃ¢â¬â¢ enrollment ( BurnseyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bread ) , and a word and device markÃ¢â¬â¢ application, which has been herein submitted as Appendix 3. I will later rede on the virtue of each resistance to the applications, and the suggested responses, separately. Ms Nadine Burns Ms Burns has challenged the enrollment of the word, BurnseyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bread , on the footing of subdivision 5 ( 4 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994, which regulates the construct of passing offÃ¢â¬â¢ . Ms Burns runs a bakeshop, which is in an indistinguishable line of concern to that of Mr Burns, and trades under the name of Burns the Bread , and Burns the Bread Again . I have discovered, by manner of seeking the public database of the Patent Office, that Ms BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ trading names are non registered trade Markss, and therefore overcast the direct application of the jurisprudence in this respect. However, subdivision 5 ( 4 ) ( a ) of theTrademarks Act 1994allows for a trade grade enrollment to be disallowed by virtuousness of any regulation of lawÃ¢â¬ ¦ protecting an unregistered trade grade or other mark used in the class of trade . Case jurisprudence has indicated that a passing off action must incorporate three demands to win: ( a ) the being of the claimantÃ¢â¬â¢s good will ; ( B ) a deceit ; and ( degree Celsius ) harm ( or probably harm ) to the plaintiffÃ¢â¬â¢s good will or repute:Reckitt A ; Colman Products Ltd v Borden Inc[ 1990 ] 1 All ER 873 ( per Lord Oliver ) . The tribunals have defined the first demand, the claimantÃ¢â¬â¢s good will, as a repute that has been gained by the house over the class of old ages of honest work, or by a significant outgo of money:Trego V Hunt[ 1895 ] AC 7. Given that both of Ms BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ bakeshops have been runing for seven old ages, it is sensible to presume under jurisprudence that Ms BurnÃ¢â¬â¢s has gained sufficient good will to fulfill this trial in its pure signifier. However, one must see how far this good will extends geographically, and whether it affects Mr BurnÃ¢â¬â¢s trade grade application. It may be possible for Mr Burns to register the trade grade on the footing that Ms Burns has non achieved good will on a big plenty graduated table to impact Mr BurnÃ¢â¬â¢s concern, provided that the two companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ service radius does non overlap:MaximÃ¢â¬â¢s Ltd V Dye[ 1977 ] 1 WLR 1155 ;Sheraton Corp of America v Sheraton Motels[ 1964 ] RPC 202. In respects to the 2nd trial, deceit, the action would necessitate to fulfill the trial as to confusion of beginning, which means that the populace may be placed in a state of affairs where they may be confused as to where the merchandise came from, or who supplied it:Coombe International V Scholl[ 1977 ] RPC 1. Case jurisprudence besides implies the impression of the reasonable consumerÃ¢â¬â¢ , in other words, would a sensible individual in the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s place be expected to be able to clearly and easy separate between the two beginnings?Morning Star v Express Newspapers[ 1979 ] FSR 113. Additionally, the deceit besides needs to happen in similar industries, otherwise tribunals will by and large keep that a deceit has non occurred:McCulloch V May[ 1947 ] 2 All ER 845 ;Stringfellow V McCain Foods[ 1984 ] RPC 501. Sing these demands of the deceit trial, it would look that Ms Burns may hold cause for action in this respect. When one considers BurnseyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bread and Burns the Bread has similar representations, are in the same industry and may overcast the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to do a clear differentiation between the two concerns, it may be that the Patent Office will make up ones mind in favor of Ms Burns in footings of deceit. The concluding demand for a passing off action to win is for there to be harm, or likely harm, to the claimantÃ¢â¬â¢s repute as a consequence of this trade grade enrollment. This harm need non be touchable:Taittinger SA V Allbev Ltd[ 1993 ] FSR 641 ;Choccosuisse Union des Fabricants Suisse de Chocolat A ; Others v Cadbury Ltd[ 1998 ] RPC 117. In this respect, it may be possible that, should Mr Burns seek to put up a franchise in the same local country as Ms Burns, so the deceit may do some confusion to clients, and therefore below the belt affect Ms BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ repute based upon this deceit and confusion. As the instance jurisprudence suggests, the likely harm to reputation need non be touchable in order to fall within the wide and distinguishable class of harm. It would look that Ms Burns may hold evidences to fulfill the harm trial. In drumhead, Ms Burns may hold evidences to seek protection of her unregistered right to the name Burns the Bread . This right comes under subdivision 5 ( 4 ) ( a ) of theTrademarks Act 1994, and has been elaborated upon by many case in points. If Ms Burns were successful in her action, so she may seek an interlocutory injunction that would curtail Mr BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to utilize that trade grade in the class of concern:American Cyanamid Co v Ethicon Ltd[ 1975 ] AC 396 ( per Lord Diplock ) . However, it may be in the best involvements of Mr Burns to seek a determination by the office that would register the trade grade, on the footing that Mr Burns undertakes non to run a concern that would straight vie with Burns the Bread in the same local geographic country. If Mr Burns was to do this project, so the bench may seek to keep that Ms BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ good will is non sufficient on a national graduated table to amount to show protection across the state. This would, in bend, mean tha t the Patent Office should disregard the challenge and registry Mr BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ trade grade. Mr Munch Mr Munch has written to Mr Burns in resistance to the proposed enrollment of the word trade grade, on the footing of the comparative evidences given under subdivision 5 ( 2 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994. These commissariats prohibit the enrollment of trade Markss that are indistinguishable to one registered earlier, or similar to an earlier enrollment which may take to confusion of the populace, and possible association between the two trade Markss. The two Markss must besides be in the same industry in order for protection under these commissariats to be given. Mr MunchÃ¢â¬â¢s trade grade was published for resistance intents on 14ThursdayMarch 2006, harmonizing to the registry of the UK Patent Office. Mr Munch has made an application in category 43 sing proviso of catering services, which is a category identical to that of Mr Burns. While Mr MunchÃ¢â¬â¢s grade is non at full enrollment position by the Patent Office, subdivision 6 ( 1 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994defines an earlier grade as being one which has a day of the month of application for enrollment earlier than that of the trade grade in question . Mr MunchÃ¢â¬â¢s initial application to the Patent Office was made on 19ThursdayDecember 2005. The common jurisprudence besides gives rise to an statement that if an applier can turn out that his or her services are provided in a different industry to that of the opposition, so enrollment will be allowed:Seahorse Trade Mark[ 1980 ] RPC 250. While it is clear that both parties to the difference have filed for enrollment of trade Markss in category 43 ( sing proviso of catering services ) , merely Mr Burns has filed in the category 30 class ( bakery merchandises ) . It would hence be sensible to reason that the two parties are in separate industries, given that Mr Burns merely supplies providing merchandises in so far as supplying mass measures of his merchandise to consumers. Mr Munch, on the other manus, specialises in big scale events, which Mr Burns does non make. Mr Munch is non a baker, and hence it would be unreasonable for this resistance to be allowed on this footing. Another common jurisprudence trial is available sing phonetically similar word Markss. Under this trial, a trade grade would non be registered if it was deemed to be phonetically similar to an earlier registered trade grade ; in so far that it would do confusion as to the beginning of the goods or services:Aristoc V Rysta[ 1945 ] AC 68. Given that the two trade Markss are non at all similar in pronunciation or sentence structure, it would be impossible for the opposition to fulfill this trial, and therefore win in an action under subdivision 5 ( 2 ) ( B ) of theTrademarks Act 1994. Overall, it would look improbable that Mr Munch would accomplish success in his resistance to the trade grade enrollment application made by Mr Burns. The earlier trade grade that Mr Munch holds the rights to, while registered and recognised for the intents of resistance in conformity to subdivision 6 ( 1 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994, does non bear important similarities to Mr BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ trade grade, nor does it impact the class of concern of Mr Munch in any direct manner. It has been established that the concerns of Mr Munch and Mr Burns are in separate and distinguishable industries, even though they fall within the same category for trade grade enrollment intents. It would be unreasonable for a tribunal to presume that the two trade Markss conflict with one another, as the two parties go about their concern in separate ways. Mr Burns runs a bakeshop store, while Mr Munch runs corporate events. It would be insufficient of the opposition to trust upon the statement that they have gained such important credibleness on a national and international graduated table that any usage by Mr Burns of a similar trade grade may impact upon this good will, irrespective of the industry:Oasis Shop LtdÃ¢â¬â¢s Trade Mark Application[ 1998 ] RPC 631. TheOasisinstance besides bears significance in the sense that the two trade Markss in inquiry in that instance were similar, if non virtually indistinguishable, in a phonic sense. In Mr BurnsÃ¢â¬â¢ instance, his trade grade bears small or no resemblance to an earlier registered trade grade, apart from the sharing of one word, and can non be opposed in this respect. It would be my recommendation that Mr Burns bespeak a hearing from the Patent Office, which would give him the chance to show his instance. This is to guarantee that the resistance is dealt with reasonably, and in conformity with the rules of the regulation of jurisprudence. Currently, Mr Munch has non requested a hearing through official channels from the Patent Office, which signifies that he does non desire to give Mr Burns the right of answer ; instead he intends to take action by private agencies with the Patent Office. It may good be that the Patent Office will bespeak a hearing of their ain agreement, but by bespeaking a hearing, Mr Burns would be covered in the event of absence of any such action, and it would let the Patent Office to hear both sides of the instance reasonably and in conformity with natural justness. It would hence be my sentiment that the opposition, Mr Burns, does non hold sufficient evidences to prolong an interlocutory opinion against Mr Burns, curtailing him from utilizing the grade ( or to seek amendss ) , by trusting upon subdivision 5 ( 2 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994. The two Markss are non indistinguishable, and bears small to no resemblance to one another. Mr David Burns Mr David Burns ( the opponent ) has lodged a protest against the enrollment of the device depicted in Appendix 1, submitted by Mr Burns ( the applicant ) . This challenge is made under subdivision 3 of theTrademarks Act 1994( sing the device being devoid of any distinguishable character ) , and subdivision 5 ( 2 ) of the same Act ( sing similarities to earlier registered trade Markss ) . The opposition holds the rights to the trade grade attached to this papers as Appendix 3, officially known to the Patents Office as Trade Mark Number 2311787. This image depicts a conventionalized image based on a loaf of staff of life, every bit good as the words Burnsey. Eat. Drink . The image is an artistÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling. The applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s design submitted for enrollment depicts an image of a chopped loaf of staff of life, which has non been stylised or artistically altered in any manner. Additionally, it contains the phrase BurnseyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bread . In respects to the resistance under subdivision 3 of theTrademarks Act 1994, such a proviso prevents trade Markss from being registered if they do non show any elements of peculiarity, or individualism, that makes that peculiar owner unique from other concerns in a similar line of work:AD2000 Trade Mark[ 1997 ] RPC 168 ;Proctor A ; GambleÃ¢â¬â¢s Trade Mark Application[ 1999 ] RPC 673. This definition by the tribunal has been specialised to keep that trade Markss which depict the goods or services to which they are applied can non be held as distinctive:H. Quennel LtdÃ¢â¬â¢s Application[ 1954 ] 72 RPC 36. In sing these common jurisprudence readings of subdivision 3 of theTrademarks Act 1994in the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s fortunes, it is clear that there are sufficient evidences for this enrollment to be opposed. It would most likely by the opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s statement that, because the device merely depicts staff of life, and non in any typical signifier, it would non be possible to hol d this device registered in conformity with the Act. This can be deduced by mention to the opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s registered grade, which uses a conventionalized artistic design to separate the concern and its goods and services. Given this clear deficiency of differentiation, it would look that the opposition has a valid instance in jurisprudence, under subdivision 3 ( B ) of the Act, to hold this enrollment dismissed under absolute evidences. The opposition besides makes an extra claim, mentioning subdivision 5 ( 2 ) of theTrademarks Act 1994as comparative evidences for refusal. To confirm such a claim, it by and large requires an premise to be made by the tribunals, based upon some finding of fact. Under subdivision 6 ( 1 ) of the above Act, any trade grade that has an earlier initial application day of the month than the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s will be considered an earlier mark for the intents of subdivision 5 ( 2 ) and, given that the opposition made the application on 3rdOctober 2002, this is clearly the instance. Furthermore, if the opposition can turn out that the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s trade grade is in a similar industry to his or her ain, and such a grade would do confusion in the public head as to the beginning of the goods, so the grade may non be registered:Seahorse Trade Mark[ 1980 ] RPC 250 ;Aristoc V Rysta[ 1945 ] AC 68. Given that the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s grade is virtually indistinguishable, nevertheless non expres sly, so this may be evidences for non enrollment. The applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s grade appears on the device as BurnseyÃ¢â¬â¢s Bread . The opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s appears as Burnsey. Eat. Drink. . This may do the populace to believe that the opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s grade is simply an alternate version of the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s, and therefore they may be confused as to who really provided the goods. Therefore, the opposition would most likely win in seeking an interlocutory opinion forestalling the enrollment and usage of the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s trade grade in its current signifier. It would be my recommendation that the applicant seek to amend his design, based upon the strength of the oppositionÃ¢â¬â¢s instance in this affair. There is small opportunity of success if the applicant seeks to prosecute enrollment of the word and device grade in its current signifier. It would be in the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s best involvements to do the image and words something typical and non-similar to others, possibly by utilizing a anonym and a conventionalized artistic design. General Conclusions Based on the information presented to me for sentiment, I would propose that Mr Burns has ground to seek to hold the word trade grade registered, nevertheless I would urge discontinuation of proceedings of the word and device grade. The resistance to the word merely trade grade seems to miss significant virtue, and may be easy defeated at a hearing by the Patents Court. However, the word and design trade grade present a figure of issues that would necessitate to be resolved before it could be passed. There is no clear defense mechanism at jurisprudence which would let the trade grade to be passed in its current province, given its similarities to other trade Markss in its industry. Therefore, I would rede Mr Burns to travel to a hearing at the Patents Court to settle the affairs between himself and Mr Munch and Ms Burns, for the grounds I have outlined above. The jurisprudence proves that Mr Burns may hold a instance against these two parties. Bibliography Books Bently, L and Sherman, B,Intellectual Property Law( 2001, 2neodymiumerectile dysfunction ) , London: Oxford University Press Cornish, W and Llewelyn, D,Intellectual Property: Patents, Copyright, Trade Marks and Allied Rights( 2003, 5Thursdayerectile dysfunction ) , London: Sweet and Maxwell Hart, T and Fazzani, L,Intellectual Property Law( 2004, 3rderectile dysfunction ) , London: Palgrave Phillips, J ( erectile dysfunction ) ,Butterworths Intellectual Property Law Handbook( 2003, 6Thursdayerectile dysfunction ) , London: Butterworths Phillips, J, and Firth, A,Introduction to Intellectual Property Law( 2001, 4Thursdayerectile dysfunction ) , London: Butterworths Legislation Trademarks Act 1994 Cases AD2000 Trade Mark[ 1997 ] RPC 168 American Cyanamid Co v Ethicon Ltd[ 1975 ] AC 396 Aristoc V Rysta[ 1945 ] AC 68 Choccosuisse Union des Fabricants Suisse de Chocolat A ; Others v Cadbury Ltd[ 1998 ] RPC 117 Coombe International V Scholl[ 1977 ] RPC 1 H. Quennel LtdÃ¢â¬â¢s Application[ 1954 ] 72 RPC 36 MaximÃ¢â¬â¢s Ltd V Dye[ 1977 ] 1 WLR 1155 McCulloch V May[ 1947 ] 2 All ER 845 Morning Star v Express Newspapers[ 1979 ] FSR 113 Oasis Shop LtdÃ¢â¬â¢s Trade Mark Application[ 1998 ] RPC 631 Proctor A ; GambleÃ¢â¬â¢s Trade Mark Application[ 1999 ] RPC 673 Reckitt A ; Colman Products Ltd v Borden Inc[ 1990 ] 1 All ER 873 Seahorse Trade Mark[ 1980 ] RPC 250 Sheraton Corp of America v Sheraton Motels[ 1964 ] RPC 202 Stringfellow V McCain Foods[ 1984 ] RPC 501 Taittinger SA V Allbev Ltd[ 1993 ] FSR 641 Trego V Hunt[ 1895 ] AC 7
Friday, November 22, 2019
How to get a job at a startup Want to join a startup, but youÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure where to start? Or maybe you think youÃ¢â¬â¢re out of the running because tech isnÃ¢â¬â¢t your thing? Never fear, even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not a coder or designer, there are still a few choice jobs out there that might just have your name on them. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re eager, have a varied skill set, and are willing to contribute to a team effort with energy, youÃ¢â¬â¢re in the running. Here are a few tricks to make yourself a viable candidate for a startup gig.Bolster your LinkedIn.First and foremost, attack your LinkedIn profile to make it shine. Remember that companies often search prospective employees by keyword, so keep your experience and certifications up to date and detailed. Make sure your network is solid, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t be too shy toÃ ask for endorsements or recommendations. Get involved in professional groups and link them on your profile. Start posting content relevant to the industry you hope to join- show youÃ¢â¬â ¢re involved and savvy before even sending in an application or going in to interview.Do your research.If you find a company youÃ¢â¬â¢re thrilled by, start getting really nerdy. Dig deep learning all you can about that companyÃ¢â¬â¢s product. Research their culture, getting as good an on-the-ground sense of the place as you possibly can. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re still jazzed and sure you would fit in and have something fantastic to contribute, start drafting a pitch of exactly how and why you fit into that specific company to put into your cover letter. The people who look for new hires want specifics- if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t tailor your application package directly to them, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t seem special or stand out.Learn the industry as a whole.The startup world is intensely competitive. Every company has to build itself up from nothing and the field can be cutthroat. The more you know and understand about the industry and a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s main competitors, the more you can contribute. This is especially important in the interview stage. When you go in there, know more than they expect you to based on your resume. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t leave any doubts that you understand the current climate inside and out.Establish an online presence.Build an online presence that expands beyond LinkedIn. Make sure all your social media platforms and profiles are up to date and that youÃ¢â¬â¢re building a solid and sellable brand for yourself with what you post and how you post it. How you present yourself via all channels will show your tech savviness and your ability to brand yourself- both skills startups find invaluable.DonÃ¢â¬â¢t try too hard to be quirky.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s one thing to show off your individuality- the experience, skills, and passions that make your application stand out from the crowd. But remember that even though the startup world is young and modern, youÃ¢â¬â¢re still going through a job application process. Take every step seriously, act like a grownup, and let yo ur interests and skills speak for themselves. You can be engaging without acting like a kid. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re forcing a personality, itÃ¢â¬â¢s easy to tell.Get yourself out there.YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll never get a startup gig from nothing if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t work for it. Start applying on sites like AngelList, and look on sites that specialize in startups, like StartUpHire or VentureLoop. In addition, look for and attend startup-specific networking events in your area.If you find one company you want to target, you can also find the CEO/founder/key execÃ¢â¬â¢s email and shoot them a line to express your interest. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t make your email vague and generic- include relevant links to your social media profiles and explain exactly why you would be a perfect fit for that specific company. Follow up if people are receptive and donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget to send thank you notes. In general, be responsive, kind, and sharp- when youÃ¢â¬â¢re on the ball, people take notice.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Romanticism - Assignment Example A woman being violated without her knowledge is the scariest thing for a woman. Any man would want to try and protect a woman from demonic rape. This portrait is very scary. The emotions evoked are terror, fear, horror, and sheer disgust. The cultural context factors might have been the poem being written about a nightmare that the art was supposed to depict. b.) GoyaÃ¢â¬â¢s Inquisition Scene is an oil on canvas dated 1816. This painting deals with many sublime topics such as inhumanity to man, violence, and death. Goya was trying to prove how cruel the Spanish Inquisition was. The dunce cap on the condemned and the blood dripping shows inhumanity and violence. The verdict is already been decided, despite this kangaroo court. The paintingÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere was dark and somber. Goya is trying to show the injustice of the Spanish Inquisition. GoyaÃ¢â¬â¢s work reflects the Spanish Inquisition although the work was created after the first Inquisition and the second Inquisition. His painting style shows the seriousness of the charges brought in the Inquisition. This is the best Goya
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Criticise my friends business idea....its not really a topic, there is no topic as such - Essay Example For instance, the case study illustrates that there are only thousands of people worldwide that have sought these biohacking magnetic implants. Thus, there is an indication that it could be problematic to gain considerable demand. This is not advantageous for the marketing entity in the provided case study. It might be more advantageous for the friend in the case study to, first, consider a more mass market strategy in order to gain the attention of consumers that would appreciate these magnetic implants. The provided case study is limiting the marketer to a niche market which could also limit profit success. However, there is some possibility that utilising a tattoo chain as the chosen marketing intermediary could have some degree of success. For example, a recent study showed that consumers in their 20s, today, are happy with life and seek to explore having fun and tend to be attracted toward a variety of premium products which seek to build social identity (Executive Digest 2008). It is rather commonly understood, from a marketing perspective, that tattooing is often an outward expression of self identity and uniqueness from a social perspective. Thus, theoretically, this would be an ideal channel for marketing and sales focus by providing unique products to a younger market that is seeking adventure and the desire to explore fun. The case study provided evidence that magnetic implants could, in theory, create a new type of emotional experience by allowing the consumer that accepts these implants to be different from others in society or in their own age group. Why is this important in supporting the plans for the Ã¢â¬Å"friendÃ¢â¬ in selecting the tattooing chain as the appropriate marketing solution? Marketing and social sciences teach businesspersons that individuals in society often make what is referred to as social comparisons, the process of viewing others in the social environment and identifying how one might be superior to others (Suls, Martin a nd Wheeler 2002). People in society, as a rather homogenous whole, want to believe that they are superior to those through which social comparisons occur. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s total well-being, according to theory, is greatly enhanced when one believes they have this superiority over others in society (Taylor and Brown 1988). Magnetic implants, which would theoretically provide opportunities to sense electromagnetic fields or even pick up metal objects utilising only their skin (via assistance from the implant) is currently something that is not common in society. Hence, it would give the individual who receives the implant the ability to enhance their personal and emotional well-being as they would have opportunities to constantly make positive social comparisons and feel superior to others. With this in mind, the marketing entity in the provided case study is selecting tattoo chains as a proper marketing channel as this environment already provides said uniqueness that often services a need to show others in the social environment that they are different and helps to confirm and affirm self-identity. Morgan and Hunt (1994) further emphasise that relationship marketing is a strategy that can enhance the viability of a brand as it provides loyalty and often leads to positive word of mouth. Tattoo chains not only have to provide quality art products (as
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Instructional strategies exam essay Essay Teachers are constantly challenged to ensure that teaching strategies employed in the classroom are appropriate the learning styles and experiences of the learners. As far as possible instructional strategies should be modified to take into consideration the unique characteristics of individual learners and aim to discover the best way forward when dealing with specific learning styles. Cooperative learning strategies are useful in teaching learners who function best in learning sessions that take into concern their individual needs, interests and abilities as well as provide opportunities for interaction and discussion with and among other learners. Constructivists have long established that learning cannot be separated from real-life experiences as both share a symbiotic relationship (Huang, 2002, p. 28). Bringing real-life situations into the learning environment will facilitate and enhance learning while knowledge, skills and attitudes gained in learning provide opportunities for additional life experiences. Cooperative learning strategies have a great amount of flexibility in the classroom and make it possible for the teacher to effectively match learning style to teaching strategy. Cooperative learning strategies are therefore quite attractive for adult learners as there is a multiplicity of activities and tasks that can be brought into any one learning experience to make learning not only effective but meaningful. These strategies are also useful in ensuring that learners have some amount of freedom and independence, as well as participate actively in their own learning. In a learning session using cooperative learning strategies individuals can be assigned to interest groups at the beginning of the session. Interest groups are individuals who may share either the same background or viewpoint. Interest groups are assigned either based on the particular task to be covered in the lesson or based on previously defined characteristics such as favorite type of food, music, TV shows etcetera. This is simply to ensure that all learners feel a sense of belonging by being able to identify with at least one other person in the group and therefore all will be motivated to actively participate in the lesson. Countless authors have pointed to the merits of using small groups as an effective teaching strategy to ensure participation and involvement (see Slavin, 2000). At the beginning of the lesson students are presented with the objectives and given precise guidelines of what they will be required to do throughout the lesson. Each group, that would have been identified previously, is given a particular aspect of the lesson to report or focus on and even within the group each member is assigned a specific responsibility and, of course, made aware how his/her role fits into the group task and the general lesson. In this way students will be accountable, not only for their own learning but also for the learning of the rest of the members who will be dependent upon him/her to correctly complete what is required. Kounin is famous for stressing this concept of accountability in learning. He also argues that it is essential to maintain the involvement of all students in all aspects of the lesson (as cited in Slavin, 2000, p. 373). Direct instruction often cannot be avoided in delivering lesson content depending on the material to be covered and may be essential in some cases. Thus in this setting direct instruction has its place but is supplemented with other strategies to ensure its effectiveness in meeting lesson objectives. To make a topic more meaningful and of immediate interest to the learners suggestions are gathered as to possible topics to explore, that can be aligned well with the overall curricular goals. By using the direct teaching method the teacher delivers the content to the entire class but each group is at that time paying particular attention to the aspect that is most relevant to the task they had been previously assigned. Visual aids and demonstrations, as appropriate, are used to enhance the impact of the lesson. A PowerPointÃ ® presentation would be particularly attractive to learners incorporating computer graphics, animation and even sound so that learners are able to interact with the lesson on a variety of levels. An alternative to the direct teacher or a supplemental to it would be to invite an outside speaker to deliver the specified topic. This guest speaker could be someone that the class nominates or someone that has expertise as well as being able to gain the interest and attention of the learners. Using either direct teaching, the PowerPointÃ ® or the guest speaker the group function is still maintained. At the end of these sessions groups meet to collaborate on completing the task assigned. In completing this task learners use problem solving skills to ensure that objectives are met. Working collaboratively group members have to explore alternatives for solving the problem or accomplishing the task that has been assigned. Included in the discussion is a decision on what aspect of the presentation is relevant or irrelevant to the task they have been assigned and the most appropriate way of organizing their work. They will also have to choose the most appropriate form in which to present their information. Each group is required, whether as a part of the session or in a subsequent session, to present their task to the rest of the class. As a part of the task description the teacher allows each group the flexibility of choosing whatever approach they feel will best be suited to presenting their information to the entire class. Role-play, simulation, demonstration, presentation or any other method could be adopted by the learners based on their individual preference. Alternatively all groups could role-play their particular scenario. Role-playing can be used to develop problem solving skills and to assess how much and how well learning has occurred. There is still a considerable amount of flexibility in that the groups use their own styles and ideas to come up with an appropriate situation to depict the problem they were assigned to. All members of the group will be required to roll-play ensuring that group activities are not manipulated by a specific set of learners and so that some learners do not opt out. Feedback of course, in any learning context is essential. Peer evaluation in this situation is useful. A discussion can ensue after each group role-plays or presents. Other classmates give feedback on the same issues and present possible alternatives to the solution that was taken or discuss why the option taken was the most appropriate for the particular issue at hand. Additionally comments relevant to the lesson could also be made. Learners in the small-group and large-group context are therefore able to cooperatively learn from each other by sharing ideas and making suggestions. Evidently learners are given a lot of independence within the specific guidelines and a lot of self-directed learning takes place. All these are essential for learners to make the most out of learning sessions and are preferable to techniques that are teacher-centered rather than learner-centered. In this way learners are actively participating in learning not just being passive listeners and observers. Throughout the lesson the teacher plays the role of facilitator or guide but the learners are the ones actively involved in the learning experiences and thus they would reap much more benefit. References Huang, H. (2002). Toward constructivism for adult learners in online learning environments. British Journal of Educational Technology, 33(1), 27-37. Slavin, R. E. (2000). Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice. (6th ed. ). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.